According to statistics, rheumatoid arthritis is the second most type of arthritis that affects people. It was found that around 1.5 million people in the United States are suffering from this autoimmune condition. Severe pain, inflammation, and swelling in the joints are the main characteristics of rheumatoid arthritis.
Most medications used in the treatment of this autoimmune condition helps to reduce the inflammation in the joints and prevent joint damage.
Here is the list of some of the medications used in the treatment of rheumatology arthritis.
Janus Associated Kinase Inhibitors
These medications help in preventing inflammation and joint damage by affecting the genes and immune cell activity in your body. Baricitinib and tofacitinib are the two main Janus-associated kinase inhibitors that are prescribed by doctors. It is important to note that these drugs may cause some side effects, including runny nose, headache, diarrhea, sore throat, congested nose, etc.
DMARD stands for disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs. They can help in decreasing the levels of inflammation and other rheumatology symptoms very effectively. One of the main benefits of DMARDs is that they can help in slowing down the progression of rheumatology arthritis. That means, DMARDs can ease the symptoms and alleviate joint damage very effectively than many other medications. Methotrexate, hydroxychloroquine, leflunomide, minocycline, and
Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs, or NSAIDs, are the most common medications used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. NSAIDs are very effective in preventing the inflammation caused by this condition and thus alleviate the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis better than other medications. Some of the side effects of NSAIDs are kidney damage, stomach bleeding, ulcers, stomach irritation, etc. Doctors do not usually recommend using NSAIDs for a long time because of these side effects.
These medications are often available as oral and injectable drugs. These drugs are very beneficial in reducing the inflammation in your body. They are also effective in alleviating the pain caused by inflammation in people with rheumatoid arthritis. However, doctors do not recommend these drugs for long-term use because they can cause side effects like stomach ulcers, high blood pressure, high blood sugar, osteoporosis, cataracts, etc.
Opioid Pain Drugs
These are the strongest pain drugs that doctors usually prescribe. Opioids are only prescribed for rheumatism treatment if the patient has severe rheumatoid arthritis symptoms. This is because regular use of these drugs can lead to addiction. Since opioids can only alleviate the pain, you may have to continue using other medications to alleviate the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis.