What Is Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis?

Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis is a common arthritis condition in children under the age of 16. The symptoms of the condition include persistent pain, stiffness, and swelling of the joints. Some children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis experience the symptoms for a few months while in some they may prevail for many years.

What Are The Symptoms Of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis?

The common symptoms of juvenile idiopathic arthritis include:

  • Swelling: Swelling of the joints is common and most often, it is noticed first in the larger joints like the knee.
  • Pain: Children with the condition might often complain of joint pain, especially in the mornings.
  • Stiffness: The children might seem clumsier than they are usually. Clumsiness is especially common in the mornings.
  • Fever, rash, and swelling of lymph nodes: Some children may have high fever and experience swelling of lymph nodes. Rashes may develop on the trunk and they may turn worse in the evenings.

What Are The Causes Of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis?

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis is caused when the immune system attacks its cells and tissues. Heredity and environmental factors could contribute to the behavior of the immune system.

Are there any complications associated with juvenile idiopathic arthritis?

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis could lead to serious complications if you do not pay attention to the condition. Some of the complications include:

  • Growth issues: If a child has juvenile idiopathic arthritis, it is likely to interfere with his/her healthy growth and bone development. The medications like corticosteroids used in the treatment could affect the child’s growth adversely.
  • Eye problems: Some forms of juvenile idiopathic arthritis could cause inflammation of the eye. If left untreated, the inflammation could lead to glaucoma, cataracts, and even turn the child partially(or fully blind).
  • Bones: Inflammation associated with JIA and the use of corticosteroids as part of the treatment could cause thinning of the bones making them weak.
  • Lungs: Inflammation symptoms of JIA could cause shortness of breath and lead to lung disease.

What Are The Types Of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis?

There are six types of juvenile idiopathic arthritis:

  • Oligoarthritis: It affects fewer joints. Mostly affects larger joints like the knees and elbows.
  • Systemic: Affects the whole body(including the skin, joints, and internal organs)
  • Psoriatic arthritis: Joint symptoms combined with skin symptoms like rashes.
  • Enthesitis-related JIA: Affects the entheses.
  • Polyarthritis: Affects five or more joints on both sides of the body.
  • Undifferentiated JIA- Symptoms don’t match correctly with any of the JIA subtypes. One or more joints have inflammation.

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